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Journal of the National Research University Higher School of Economics

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SSN 1995-459X print
E-ISSN 2312-9972 online
ISSN 2500-2597 online English

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Leonid Gokhberg

   




Marina Boykova 1, Irina Ilina 1, Mikhail Salazkin1
  • 1 National Research University Higher School of Economics, 20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation

Urban Futures: Cities as Agents of Globalization and Innovation

2011. Vol. 5. No. 4. P. 32–48 [issue contents]

Marina Boykova— Executive Editor, Foresight–Russia journal, Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National Research University — Higher School of Economics, E-mail: foresight-journal@hse.ru Address: 20 Myasnitskaya str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation.

Irina Ilyina—Director Centre for Regional Studies, Institute for Regional Studies and Urban Planning, National Research University — Higher School of Economics, E-mail: iilina@hse.ru Address: 20 Myasnitskaya str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation.

Mikhail Salazkin—Junior Research Fellow, Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National Research University — Higher School of Economics, E-mail: msalazkin@hse.ru Address: 20 Myasnitskaya str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation.

The increasing complexity of globalization is reflected in the rapid growth of urban areas and expanding mega cities, where the majority of the world’ population is concentrated and where new trends in society and economy develop. This paper addresses the need for a new paradigm for urban development studies. Experts tend to share the view that the radically changing global of urban growth requires rethinking.

The urgent task is to move from the concept of “growth at any price” to a philosophy based on the healthy and creative city.

The paper explores new approaches, concepts and policy instruments that are essential for the moving toward a focus on the urban environment quality. The kind of lateral thinking that presumed an explicit division of urban territory into functional areas is no longer up to date. It is necessary to take a more creative, synthetic and multidisciplinary approaches. One can envision a city from a holistic perspective and see challenges as opportunities. A city should function as a single system, in other words, serving as one large project in which creativity and innovation are core elements. There is no template for such a city: each city will have its particular features.

The authors review some successfully implemented urban strategies to help build a model of planning for cities embarking on innovative development.

To realize such strategies, a critical mass of innovators to lead the process of urban transformation is necessary. Emphasis in planning therefore falls on human capital and on new flexible interdisciplinary strategies to identify sources of potential growth to develop and use advanced policy instruments to promote and establish new approaches. Some restructuring of the governance system should accompany new training for earmarked programmes, partnering with research universities, creating R&D departments within municipal governing bodies, and involving citizens in decision-making process regarding city development. Building up such human factors will determine whether the city will suffer gradual decline or become a “vibrant” environment with a higher quality of life.

Citation: Boikova M., Ilyina I., Salazkin M. (2011) Budushchee gorodov: goroda kak agenty globalizatsii i innovatsiy [Urban Futures: Cities as Agents of Globalization and Innovation]. Foresight-Russia, vol. 5, no 4, pp. 32-48 (in Russian)
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