Journal of the National Research University Higher School of Economics




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ISSN 1995-459X print
E-ISSN 2312-9972 online
ISSN 2500-2597 online English

Leonid Gokhberg


Alexander Apokin1, Dmitry Belousov1, Vladimir Salnikov1, Igor Frolov2
  • 1 Center for Macroeconomic Analysis and Short-term Forecasting, 47 Nakhimovsky Ave., 117418 Moscow, Russia
  • 2 Institute for Economic Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 47 Nakhimovsky Ave., 117418 Moscow, Russia

Long-term Socioeconomic Challenges for Russia and Demand for New Technology

2015. Vol. 9. No. 4. P. 6–17 [issue contents]
The primary long-term socio-economic challenges facing Russia – both global and country-specific in nature – drive demand for a range of technologies. We explore several groups of challenges, namely urbanization, demographic, socio-economic, the consequences of ageing, geopolitical, restricted access to key technological competences, climate change and its ecological consequences, as well as technological challenges largely associated with risks in ICT and biotech development, and the emergence of so-called ‘killer technologies’ that induce structural transformation in the economy. 
We identify four groups of key factors influencing demand for new technology. First, those factors that strengthening Russia’s role as a provider of key natural resources for the global economy. Second, of equal importance are those factors that support import substitution of various products of the global market, including electronic components, chemicals, and food products. Third, developing centres of technological competences plays a significant role, especially in export-oriented, manufacturing, and services sectors. These include nuclear energy, software, weapons and military equipment, military aircraft, and energy machinery. Finally, technological advancement would occur by integrating Russia within global technological value chains with external system integrators in pharmaceuticals, machine-building, petroleum products, and some ICT sub-sectors.
Citation: Apokin A., Belousov D., Salnikov V., Frolov I. (2015) Long-term Socioeconomic Challenges for Russia and Demand for New Technology.  Foresight and STI Governance, vol. 9, no 4, pp. 6–17. DOI: 10.17323/1995-459x.2015.4.6.17
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