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ISSN 1995-459X print
E-ISSN 2312-9972 online
ISSN 2500-2597 online English

Leonid Gokhberg


Alexander Sokolov1
  • 1 National Research University Higher School of Economics, 20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation

Method of Critical Technologies

2007. Vol. 1. No. 4. P. 64–74 [issue contents]
Science and technology policy in developed countries over the past three decades has undergone significant changes. Back in 1970-80s its role was mainly to finance basic research and on that basis, the generation of new knowledge, as well as to support scientific institutions and research infrastructure through the implementation of public programs. With the intensification of scientific research, increase their impact on economic growth and competitiveness of the companies the main purpose of scientific and technological policy was the creation of conditions for increasing the efficiency of research and development of knowledge transfer networks with the participation of business and science. The concept of "national innovation system”, involving the processes of production, transfer and practical application of knowledge has become widespread. Despite the steadily increasing expenditure on science, which reached in some countries the level of 2-3% of GDP, even the richest countries can not afford to conduct research to date on all fronts. In this connection it became necessary to select priority areas for investment and focus the main effort of the Government. Therefore, the most important task of science policy was the development tool for determining the scientific and technological priorities, and mechanisms for their implementation.
Citation: Sokolov A. (2007) Metod kriticheskikh tekhnologiy [Method of Critical Technologies]. Foresight-Russia, vol. 1, no 4, pp. 64-74 (in Russian)
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