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Journal of the National Research University Higher School of Economics

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E-ISSN 2500-2597

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Leonid Gokhberg


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Strategy 2020: New Outlines of Russian Innovation Policy

2011. Vol. 5. No. 4. P. 8–30 [issue contents]

The paper reviews the work of the expert group “The transition from fostering innovation to innovation-based growth” on adjusting the Strategy for socio-economic development of Russia up to 2020. Panel experts have undertaken a detailed analysis of the state of the art of the Russian innovation sphere and proposed recommendations on the strategic priorities for state policy, as well as on specific regulatory tools that can be implemented in the near future.

Among the key challenges identified are the increasing Russian dependence on foreign markets, the growing socio-economic risks, the difficulties with adequately responding to the rapidly changing global trends, the significant gaps between the main actors of the innovation system, the lack of sufficient access to new technologies and innovations by different social groups.The most significant positive trends include: the introduction of new regulatory tools, the gradual expansion of the number of players in the innovation sector and the growth of public R&D funding.

The experts propose three possible scenarios, as follows: the inertial scenario, which implies low rates of economic growth while preserving the dependence of the economy on extractive industries; the progressive scenario, which presumes the accelerated integration into global processes and transition to the post-industrial model, and the moderate scenario, which has the highest probability of realization. The implementation of a scenario depends on political choices made by legislators, regulators, scientists and others. For example, in education there is a need to choose between “soft” adaptation of existing educational programs to meet the changing needs of the economy and greater emphasis on the development of specific professional skills.

The paper also formulates some directions for innovation policy. It focuses on support for innovative projects that meet tight technology priorities to those that foster mass innovation in all sectors of the economy. It differentiates priorities by sector in regard to various criteria: policy instruments, innovation in high- and low-tech sectors,  decentralization, regional empowerment, institutional development, business partnerships; and network cooperation.  It focuses on output-oriented decision making and balancing thematic and functional priorities to reduce failures in the innovation cycle. The authors emphasize the social effects of innovation policy. They discuss the need for supporting the creative class now existing as well as training future entrepreneurs, managers and professionals for the innovation sector and for the economy as a whole.

Citation: (2011) Strategiya-2020: novye kontury rossiyskoy innovatsionnoy politiki [Strategy 2020: New Outlines of Russian Innovation Policy] Foresight-Russia, 4, pp. 8-30 (in Russian)
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