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Journal of the National Research University Higher School of Economics

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SSN 1995-459X print
E-ISSN 2312-9972 online
ISSN 2500-2597 online English

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Leonid Gokhberg

   




Jean Guinet, Dirk Meissner 1
  • 1 National Research University Higher School of Economics, 20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation

Open Innovation: Implications for Corporate Strategies, Government Policy and International R&D Spillovers

2012. Vol. 6. No. 1. P. 26–36 [issue contents]

Jean Guinet — Head, Research Laboratory for Science and Technology Studies, Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National Research University — Higher School of Economics. E-mail: jguinet@hse.ru Address: National Research University «Higher School of Economics», 20 Myasnitskaya str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation.

Dirk Meissner — Deputy Head, Research Laboratory for Science and Technology Studies, Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National Research University — Higher School of Economics. E-mail: dmeissner@hse.ru  Address: National Research University  «Higher School of Economics», 20 Myasnitskaya str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation.

The paper analyzes the contribution of public policy to the open innovation process. Innovation processes are dynamic and global. Actors must adapt their strategies to new contexts, including the increasingly knowledge-based global competition. They must reconcile the need for speed in commercial exploitation of new products in order to ensure continuous investments with long lead-time in the development of radical innovation capabilities. For the world leaders in their industries, suppliers are becoming ever more important not only as sources but also contributors to innovation, which requires complementary and open interaction between the private sector and public research. The trend is toward open innovation processes, that make possible the overcoming of geographic, institutional and disciplinary barriers.

It discusses new approaches to innovation management in the framework of the "open innovation paradigm," which include the following: an output-, or result-, orientation regardless of the place of generation and origin of inputs to innovation; the optimization of all aspects of innovation processes; synchronization of company’s internal innovation strategies with that of external partners; and knowledge sharing through partnerships. The open innovation model is aimed at seizing benefits from networking by all collaborators, irrespective of their size and activity.

The authors provide general recommendations on the policy mix to foster innovation in the commercial sector and the public research. These include strengthening the connection between basic and applied research, promotion of networking and strategic collaborative projects, and special emphasis on supporting small and medium enterprises.

Citation: Guinet J., Meissner D. (2012) Otkrytye innovatsii: effekty dlya korporativnykh strategiy, gosudarstvennoy politiki i mezhdunarodnogo «peretoka» issledovaniy i razrabotok [Open Innovation: Implications for Corporate Strategies, Government Policy and International R&D Spillovers ]. Foresight-Russia, vol. 6, no 1, pp. 26-36 (in Russian)
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