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ISSN 1995-459X print
E-ISSN 2312-9972 online
ISSN 2500-2597 online English

Leonid Gokhberg


Galina Shirokova1, Karina Bogatyreva2, Tat'yana Belyaeva2
  • 1 St. Petersburg University, 3 Volkhovsky pereulok, St. Petersburg, 199004, Russia
  • 2 Graduate School of Management, St. Petersburg University, 3 Volkhovsky pereulok, St. Petersburg, 199004, Russia

Entrepreneurial Orientation of Russian Firms: The Role of External Environment

2015. Vol. 9. No. 3. P. 6–26 [issue contents]

The paper investigates the relationship between the dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation (EO) — innovativeness, pro-activeness, and readiness to take risks — and firm performance of Russian SMEs. We assess the effects of EO on firmperformance in the context of an emerging market taking into account environmental contingencies. Our findings are underpinned by the results of a survey of managers in 104 Russian small and medium firms. The data were processed using structural equation modeling.

We find that EO structure in the context of the Russian market differs from the traditional three-dimensional conceptualization of entrepreneurial orientation that is typical of Western countries. Emerging markets — as illustrated byRussia — are characterized by a two-dimensional EO structure: innovativeness and pro-activeness are perceived as a single dimension, while readiness to take risks is a separate component. Moreover, a positive relationship between the united dimension of entrepreneurial orientation — innovativeness and pro-activeness – and firm performance is manifested only in a dynamic or hostile external environment. Particular features of Russia’s institutional and cultural environment may help to explain our findings.

Citation: Shirokova G., Bogatyreva K., Beliaeva T. (2015) Entrepreneurial Orientation of Russian Firms: the Role of External Environment. Foresight and STI Governance, vol. 9, no 3, pp. 6–25. DOI: 10.17323/1995-459x.2015.3.6.25
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