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Journal of the National Research University Higher School of Economics

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E-ISSN 2500-2597

Editor-in-chief
Leonid Gokhberg





Tatiana Andreeva  1, Tatiana Garanina  2
  • 1 Maynooth University, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland.
  • 2 St. Petersburg University, 1 Volkhovsky per., Saint-Petersburg 199004, Russian Federation

Intellectual Capital and Its Impact on the Financial Performance of Russian Manufacturing Companies

2017. Vol. 11. No. 1. P. 31–40 [issue contents]

Intellectual Capital (IC) has been argued to be the key element of value creation in the contemporary economy. According to the results obtained in [Molnar, 2004] in the 1980s the share of tangible assets accounted for about 62% of market capitalization of companies on developed markets. However, by the start of the 2000s, their share fell to 16%. This has been widely supported by empirical research, but mainly based on the data from developed markets. The questions of how IC and its elements work on emerging markets remains under-researched due to a lack of empirical research devoted to this topic. The aim of the study is to provide empirical insight into the relationship between three main elements of IC (human, relational and organisational) and organisational performance of Russian companies, such as asset profitability, net sales growth and market share. The sample includes 240 Russian companies. Information about different elements of intellectual capital has been gathered with the help of a questionnaire that has been answered by the executive management of the companies included in the sample over the course of January-March 2015. The data is collected with the survey using the scales that have been already internationally. The findings based on regression analysis demonstrate that structural and human capital positively influence organisational performance, while relational capital does not.

We can assume that the results that we obtained can be explained by the specific features of the analyzed industries. For manufacturing companies the organizational structure and the effectiveness of internal processes play a much more important role in company value creation than relations with customers and other stakeholders. The core managerial implication of this study is that building the structural capital, providing employees with efficient and relevant information systems and tools to support cooperation between employees, as well as carefully documenting organizational knowledge and making it easily accessible for employees, should be in the focus of the managers of manufacturing companies. The concept of IC management in our article is developed within the international context and focuses on emerging markets. At the end of the paper, the main areas for further research are presented.
Citation:

Andreeva T., Garanina T. (2017) Intellectual Capital and Its Impact on the Financial Performance of Russian Manufacturing Companies. Foresight and STI Governance, vol. 11, no 1, pp. 31–40. DOI: 10.17323/2500-2597.2017.1.31.40.

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