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ISSN 1995-459X print
E-ISSN 2312-9972 online
ISSN 2500-2597 online English

Leonid Gokhberg


Jana Hojnik 1, Mitja Ruzzier 1, Tatiana Manolova 2
  • 1 University of Primorska, Cankarjeva 5, 6000 Koper, Slovenia.
  • 2 Bentley University, 175 Forest St., Waltham, MA 02452, USA

Eco-Innovation and Firm Efficiency: Empirical Evidence from Slovenia

2017. Vol. 11. No. 3. P. 103–111 [issue contents]

Eco-innovation plays an increasingly important role for the competitiveness of companies. They open up new market opportunities due to the growing demand for eco-friendly products and can increase business efficiency. Using a dynamic capabilities lens, this article analyzes the relationships between various types of eco-innovation (product, process and organizational) and firm efficiency in the context of less innovative and more innovative companies. We use data from an online survey of Slovenian companies that have implemented eco-innovations as part of their operations. Statistical tests include an analysis of variance and a linear regression analysis.
We find that organizational eco-innovation positively affects firm efficiency at all companies independent of their innovation potential, while process eco-innovation is positively associated with firm efficiency only among more innovative companies. In addition, at less innovative companies, firm age positively affects firm efficiency, suggesting that older and less innovative companies may enjoy learning curve benefits derived from experience. However, firm size has a positive effect on firm efficiency at more innovative companies, suggesting that more innovative companies may benefit from economies of scale. In general, more innovative companies are more likely to engage in eco-innovation and more likely to derive cost benefits (efficiency) from different types of eco-innovation.

The main limitations of our analysis are the subjective data on the level of firms’ innovation and efficiency, the cross-sectional study design, and the single-country setting. Further in-depth longitudinal studies could better model the direction of causality between the implementation of eco-innovation and business efficiency, obtain objective data on business innovation, and ensure a more detailed and nuanced exploration of dynamic firm capabilities.

Citation: Hojnik J., Ruzzier M., Manolova T. (2017) Eco-Innovation and Firm Efficiency: Empirical Evidence from Slovenia. Foresight and STI Governance, vol. 11, no 3, pp. 103–111. DOI: 10.17323/2500-2597.2017.3.103.111
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