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ISSN 1995-459X print
E-ISSN 2312-9972 online
ISSN 2500-2597 online English

Leonid Gokhberg


Dieter Bögenhold1, Robert Klinglmair1, Florian Kandutsch1
  • 1 Alpen-Adria-Universitat Klagenfurt, Universitatsstrasse 65-67, 9020 Klagenfurt am Worthersee, Austria

Solo Self-Employment, Human Capital and Hybrid Labour in the Gig Economy

2017. Vol. 11. No. 4. P. 23–32 [issue contents]
In a framework of changing contextual factors, this paper deals with one-person enterprises as the smallest units of entrepreneurial companies, which already represent more than 50% of Austrian companies. Within these micro-enterprises, a special group of self-employed can be identified at the blurred boundaries between dependent work and self-employment: the hybrid solo self-employed, which are primarily operating as a sideline business. These hybrid forms enormously differ from regular entrepreneurs that perform their self-employment as their main business. Based on our own empirical survey, the paper aims to examine whether hybrid entrepreneurs are a homogeneous group or if differences exist with respect to their human capital. Our findings reveal several differences concerning for example, (dependent and self-employment) income, working hours, or one’s main workplace. it can be summarized that education matters when looking at the different aspects of hybrid self-employment activity.

Bögenhold D., Klinglmair R., Kandutsch F. (2017) Solo Self-Employment, Human Capital and Hybrid Labour in the Gig Economy. Foresight and STI Governance, vol. 11, no 4, pp. 23–32. DOI: 10.17323/2500-2597.2017.4.23.32

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